Ulaanbaatar (UB)

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Country Population:



The Mongolian currency is the Tugrik (T or MNT) which is available in denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, 1000, 5000, 10,000, and the New Notes 20,000 (since Summer 2006) Tugrik Notes. Coins are beginning to become into circulation and are in denominations of MNT 20, 50, 100 and 200. All notes carry the face of "Chinggis" Khan or Sukhbaatar on them and because of their age can often look alike. The exchange rate is constantly changing.

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Internet TLD:



On the right side.


230 volts Ac, 50Hz.

Ethnic Groups: 

95.35% Mongols
3.86% Kazakhs
0.8% others



Mongolia is situated in the centre of the continent of Asia Central (between Russia and China) and covers an area of 603, 899 sq. miles (1.566.510km², about three times the size of France), making it the 18th largest country in the World. Mongolia lies between 87°44'E and 119°56'E Longitude and between 41° 35'-44'N and 52°09'N Latitude in the North of Central Asia.
Latitude: 47° 55' North
Longitude: 106° 53' East.
The average altitude is 1580m (5180ft) above sea level.

Official Language(s):

Khalkh Mongol is the official Mongolia language (is a member of the Ural-Altaic family of languages, which includes Finnish, Turkish, Kazak, Uzbek and Korean). Since 1944, the Russian Cyrillic alphabet has been used to write Mongolian. Kazak is spoken by 5% of the population. There are also many Mongolian dialects. The most spoken foreign languages are English, Russian, Chinese, Korean, and Japanese.


Tibetan Buddhist Lamaism, Muslim, Shamanism and Christian.

Time Zone:

Mongolia is GMT + 8 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time in winter and 9 hours ahead in summer. Mongolia still puts forward its clocks by 1 hour in the summer months. The three western provinces of Mongolia, Uvs, Bayan Ulgii and Khovd are one hour behind Ulaanbaatar and the rest of Mongolia, GMT+7. UTC is Coordinated Universal Time, GMT is Greenwich Mean Time.


No specific vaccinations are required for Mongolia. Please check with your insurance provider before traveling and consider supplemental medical or travel insurance.


Mongolia is a safe place to be. As a visitor you are unlikely to experience any serious problems. However, like anywhere else there are a few things that visitors should be aware of, things that will need extra care and attention.


Transport to or from Mongolia is usually by air: Mongolian airlines, Turkish Airlines, Aeroflot, Air China, Korean Air or by train:  on Trans-Mongolian Railway. Samar Magic Tours provides a train ticket booking service for International trains leaving from Ulaanbaatar from May to September (only during the tourist season). We will bring your train ticket to your hostel/hotel/guesthouse in Ulaanbaatar city. We can send by e-mail to you the scanned copy of your train ticket for visa purposes.

Travel Season:

The travel season begins in mid-May, when the tourist Gers camps start opening. July and August are the peaks tourist season. September is autumn. The Mongolia pick season is on July during Naadam Festival in July 11-July 13.

What is a Ger?:

This is a traditional tent of Mongolian nomads. Gers are round, with a hole in the center for ventilation. It is made of a wooden lattice covered with wool felt, and can be taken down and moved quite easily. The word Ger literally translated from the Mongolian language simply means "home of Mongolia´s nomadic families". The Ger is a symbol of Mongolia.