Bayankhongor province-Bayankhongor town is located about 639kms/397miles in the south-western from Ulaanbaatar, area with 116.000 km2. Bayankhongor is covering the southern plateau of Hangai Mountain ranges, south-eastern ranges of Altai Mountain and the Gobi beyond Altai and bordering with Uvurhangai, Umnugobi, Gobi-Altai, Zavhan, Arhangai provinces and with China.
The major attraction in Bayankhongor province is the 300 or so hot and cold water springs at Shargaljuut-is located about 60kms/37miles north-east of Bayankhongor city, the springs are one of the few natural attractions in the Gobi region that are easily accessible from an province capital. The springs and bath houses cover the banks of the river between the peaks of Myangan Ugalzat Uul (3483m) and Shargaljuut Uul (3137m). The hot water, which can reach 50°C, is supposed to cure a wide range of complaints and many Mongolians come for treatment at the neighbouring sanatorium.
Boon Tsagaan lake, Ikh Bodg mountain, and Orog lake-is located in Bayankhongor province. Opportunity of viewing the strange figure that was created by aliens, birds and wild animals as well bactrian camel. Explore a cave once house Stone Age human beings 700, 000 years ago.
Galuut Canyon to Boon Tsagaan Nuur - is located in Bayankhongor province . The lake dotted steppe and desert between Khujirt and Boon Tsagaan Nuur, a large lake, support a superb selection of little known birds, not least Relict Gull and Mongolian Accentor. This is one of the main stopover sites of migratory birds and also breeding ground. The canyon is only about 1m wide and 25m-deep. It is 20kms/12miles south-west of Galuut sum centre, which is about 85kms/53miles north-west of Bayankhongor town. Mandal temple is said to be nearby.
Baga Gazariin Chuluu-This is 1768m high, 15km long, 10km wide rocky mountain located at the borderline of Adaatsag and Delgertsogt soum of Middle Gobi province. You will see rocks and stones in unique shapes and buries of Mongols from middle ages. There are also several buries of Bronze Age.
Umnugobi (South Gobi desert province)-is the one that has the biggest area-165.400km2 and is located in the southern part of the country. Province center: Dalanzadgad town (575kms/357miles from Ulaanbaatar). There are high mountains such as the Gobi Gurvan Saikhan Mountain, Sevrey, Noyon Bogd, Nemegt and Gilbent. This province belongs to the Gobi region. Umnugobi province is the melting pot of tourism in Mongolia and its climate is the hottest, too that is above +30 /+35 C in summer. It is the place where large numbers of dinosaur findings are found. The first dinosaur finding in Asia has been found in Umnugobi province. Also it is the place where live and “latest dinosaurs” can be seen very often. There are mountain sheep, wild goats, wild sheep, leopards, foxes and antelopes as well as various birds including lammergeyers, eagles, kites and falcons. a great expedition to the spectacular areas where many fossilized dinosaur bones and eggs have been found, oases in Mongolia untouched by people.
Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park (three beauties of the Gobi)-is a national park in southern Mongolia. The park was established in 1993, and expanded to its current size in 2000. The park, at nearly 27,000 square kilometers, is the largest national park in Mongolia. The park is named for the Gurvan Saikhan Mountains, which translates to the Three Beauties. The name is derived from three subranges, the East, Middle and West Beauty. The range forms the eastern half of the park. The park lies on the northern edge of the Gobi desert. The higher elevations contain areas of steppe. A number of rare plants and animals are found in the park, including the elusive snow leopard and the Gobi Camel. Areas of sand dunes are found, most famously the Khongoryn Els - the Singing Sands. Another major tourist destination is Yolyn Am, a mountain valley that contains a large ice field through most of the year.
Yolyn Am or Valley of Vultures-This is the main attraction in the Gobi Gurvan Saikhan National Park. The canyon valley is named after one of its habitants-Vulture (Gypaetus garbatus). The site is located 62 km southwest to the Dalanzadgad provincial center of South-Gobi aimag. The depth of the canyon reaches 200m at its center. You will see here 2-3 mts ice cup if you come here before the end of July. The valley is home to some endangered species such as wild mountain sheep and ibex. There is a small museum, which displays dinosaur eggs, some bones and stuffed birds and leopards.
Khongoryn Els-The largest sand dune is located 100kms/62miles northwest to the Valley of Vultures. It is about 3-15km wide, 180km long and 100-300m high. The peak of the dune is called “Singing Sand” for its sound of the wind howling through the dunes. Climbing to the sand dune going down gives you both challenge and enjoyment. You can observe a breathtaking view of the landscape.
Bayanzag (Rich in Saxual) or Flaming Cliffs-The site is located near to Bulgan soum center of Sough Gobi province. Roy Chapman Andrews, an American paleontologist and staff of the Museum of Natural History in New York first found 4-6 inches dinosaur eggs here in 1922. The large dinosaur skeletons placed at the Museum of Natural History in Ulaanbaatar was also found here by a Russian-Mongolian expedition. Bayanzag is referred as Flaming Cliffs for its amazing colors and shape. Tugrugiin shire: this an ancient dinosaur land, where the famous fighting dinosaurs fossil of a Procreators and Velociraptor in combat, was discovered in 1971. It is believed that they died simultaneously, while fighting, when they were either surprised by a sand storm or buried when a sand dune collapsed on top of them.
Khermen Canyon (Tsav)-is a breathtaking canyon hidden in the heart of the desert. Two hundred million years ago, Khermen Canyon was a sea and it means as “cracked wall”. The hottest place in South Gobi desert is Khermen canyon. Several times it reached to +40°C in summer time. It is a precipice, located in 10kms/6.2 miles from Gurvantes soum, South Gobi province with 10kms/6.2 miles wide and 100-200 m deep. Here the mud rock stretches from the northwest to the southwest. Many dinosaur fossils were found here among the saxaul forest and desert plants. Khermen canyon is 450kms/280 miles from Dalanzadgad (center of South Gobi province), 250kms/155miles from Khongor sand dunes so we can via some picturesque land such as Zulganai, Narandaats and Gurvan tes. There are no toilets and are no tourist Gers camps. You need camp there.