Western Mongolia-is the most remote region of Mongolia covering the provinces of Bayan-Olgii, Hovd, Uvs, and Zavkhan. The region is home to the Kazakhs, a Muslim tribe from near the Caspian Sea, and Oirats, or western Mongols. Anyhow the tourism infrastructure has somewhat developed. Be prepared for cold temperatures.
Altai Tavan Bogd National Park-is located in Bayan-Ulgii Province of Mongolia. Located south of Mongolia's highest mountain, this national park covers an area of 6,362 sq km and is home to three lakes and a glacier. A stunning landscape of high glaciated snowcapped mountains, alpine and sup-alpine forests, large lakes, rivers and streams, mountain grasslands, barren rocky mountain ranges and semi-arid desert type valleys. The protected area is inhabited by species such as the Argali sheep, Ibex, Red deer, Beech marten, Moose, Snow cock, and Golden eagle. In the park region there would be snow until end of May. Rainy season is from mid of July to Mid of August. Average temperature in summer (July, August): Day: 16-25°C, Night: 7-13°C. Park permit is required to enter the Altai Tavan Bogd National Park. Buy an Altai Tavan Bogd National Park permit from Altai Tavan Bogd National Park Administration office in Ulgii center. Park permit costs 3000 tugriks or more. If you are going into the park, which is next to the border with Russia and China, you will also need a border permit obtained from the border guards office in Ulgii center. Not having one can potentially get you arrested.
Samar Magic Tours will take care of this for you if you traveling in organize groups. Independent travelers in the park will find that park rangers and border guards will stop and ask for permits and fine you accordingly if you don't have them. No restaurants in the park. Take any special food you need with you. Local Kazakh foods are generally only meat. Goat, sheep, horse, camel and cow. A really interesting place to go. Watch your pockets though!. Your driver or guide can help here. You'll also want to take along bottles of water for the ride. You can find these in many Ulgii Center shops. Also bring any herbs, tomato sauce, or soy sauce to help make the food tastier to your personal preference. Inside the park, there are no commercial lodges, hotels, backpackers, etc. The same rules for camping apply here as anywhere else in the world. If you pack it in, pack it out!. This is especially important in and around the base camp area for the Tavan Bogd (five kings) range, where serious high alpine climbing can be had. It is a very fragile area and easily impacted by human use. There are no toilets. If you don't know how to shit in the woods, you'll want to practice a bit before undertaking a Mongolian Adventure.
Khar-Us Nuur (Black fresh water lake)-is a lake in Khovd province in the Far Western Mongolia in the Great Lakes Depression. It is the upper one in a system of the interconnected lakes: Khar-Us Nuur, Khar Nuur, Dorgon Nuur, Airag Nuur and Khyargas Nuur. Its area value (1,852 km²) includes the island Agbash (or Ak-Bashi , White Head) area (274 km²), so the water surface area is 1,578 km² only.
Achit Lake-It is the biggest lake in the Mongol Altai region. The length, width and area of this lake are 24km, 18km and 297km2, respectively. The altitude of lake is 1,435m and the average depth is 5m. The volume of the like is 665km3. It is also made by action of earthquakes and volcanoes. It has clear water and the area of basin is 10,500km2 and fed by Altangadas and Bukh murun rivers therefore feed the Khovd river. The island of Devel in the Usan Khooloi River has been protected the state protection.
Baatar Khairhan Mountain-is located about 6kms/4miles to the south of the Hovd city in Hovd province, and 1km south of the Hovd airport is Baatar Khairkhan Mountain. This mountain is an historical site because one of the famous Mongolian generals gave his command to his soldiers and attacked Hovd city and freed it from the Manchu troops in the 1912. There are also many ancient petroglyphs on this mountain (mostly on the south and southwest side).
Cave Paintings-Hovd province's best known attractions are the cave paintings at Tsenkheriin Agui in Mankhan village, a little less than 100kms/62miles southeast of the Khovd province center. However, cave drawings are everywhere so if you don't want to waste the two days to go to Mankhan village, the mountain behind the airport has a great set of pictures, and locals know where others can be found. These red-ochre paintings are believed to be 15,000 years old, which would date them in the Late Stone Age (or Upper Paleolithic Age). The drawings depict a wide variety of animals, some are readily identifiable, such as camels, sheep, bulls, and ibex, others are open to the interpretation of the viewer, such as a drawing of what appears to be an ostrich. Some of the drawings have been defaced by vandals in recent years, though copies of the drawings as they appeared before they were defaced are preserved at the Hovd Museum.
Mineral Springs-There is one big spring which is to the northeast of the city on the road to Buyant and Myangad villages. It is said that people who get poisoned seek treatment from the spring's water. There is another spring on the mountain directly behind the town, called "Drop Spring", about 5kms/3miles from the center of Hovd. People believe that it is good for your heart.
Zavkhan-it is one of the 21 provinces of Mongolia, located in the west of the country, 1,104 kms/686miles west from Ulaanbaatar. Its capital is Uliastai. The province is named after the Zavkhan river, which forms the border between Zavkhan and Gobi-Altai province. The highest peak in the Zavkhan province is Otgontenger ("youngest sky") both the highest (4,031 m) and only peak in the Khangai range capped with a permanent glacier. The mountain is located in the 95,510 hectare Otgon Tenger Strictly Protected Area, about 60kms/37miles east of Uliastai.
Uvs-it is one of the 21 provinces of Mongolia. It is located in the west of the country, 1336kms/830miles away from Ulaanbaatar. Its capital is Ulaangom which lies 936 m above sea level. The province is named after Mongolia's biggest lake, Uvs Lake-is a highly saline lake in an endorheic basin - Uvs Nuur Basin in Mongolia. It is the largest lake in Mongolia by surface area, covering 3,350 km² at 759 m above sea level.